Newcastle upon Tyne, known as Newcastle is known as a powerhouse of the north. Based along the river Tyne, the city is recognised as a city that is being brought back to life through economic and cultural reinvestment.
Originally a fort by Hadrian's Wall, Newcastle has a long history as as a fortress which prevented attacks from Scotland during the Middle Ages. In the 1500's Newcastle became an important trade spot for the coal trade as well as becoming a hot spot for the print and glass trades.
The Industrial Revolution brought further growth to Newcastle with the introduction of ship building and turbine development, after the invention of the steam engine. Unfortunately, in the 1900's Newcastle became a victim of the Great Depression which brought with it the closure of the coal pits and massive unemployment. However today, the city is the midst of an entrepreneurial boom with activity recorded rising by 59% and a heavy investment in culture and the arts, as demonstrated by the £70 million, Sage music centre, which opened in 2004.